Define nursing process


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The nursing process is a systematic, problem-solving approach used by nurses to deliver patient-centered care. It consists of a series of steps designed to assess, plan, implement, and evaluate nursing care. The nursing process provides a framework for critical thinking and clinical decision-making, helping nurses organize and prioritize their actions to meet the unique needs of each patient. The typical phases of the nursing process include:

  1. Assessment:
    • Data Collection: Gathering relevant information about the patient’s health status, including physical, psychological, social, cultural, and spiritual aspects. This involves conducting interviews, performing physical examinations, and reviewing medical records.
    • Data Analysis: Organizing and analyzing the collected data to identify patterns, problems, and potential nursing diagnoses.
  2. Diagnosis:
    • Nursing Diagnosis: Formulating clear and concise statements that identify the patient’s health problems, needs, and potential risks. Nursing diagnoses differ from medical diagnoses and focus on the patient’s responses to health issues.
    • Prioritization: Establishing priorities based on the urgency and significance of identified nursing diagnoses.
  3. Planning:
    • Setting Goals: Defining specific, measurable, and realistic outcomes that the nursing care aims to achieve.
    • Developing Interventions: Planning and implementing nursing interventions or actions to address the identified nursing diagnoses and achieve the established goals.
    • Collaboration: Coordinating care with other healthcare team members and involving the patient and their family in the planning process.
  4. Implementation:
    • Carrying Out Interventions: Executing the planned nursing interventions to meet the established goals. This involves direct patient care, health education, and ongoing assessment.
    • Documentation: Recording the care provided, the patient’s response, and any changes in the patient’s condition.
  5. Evaluation:
    • Assessing Outcomes: Measuring the extent to which the patient has achieved the established goals and evaluating the effectiveness of the nursing interventions.
    • Revising the Plan: Modifying the nursing care plan based on the evaluation results. This may involve adjusting goals, interventions, or priorities.

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