All about First Aids


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  1. Primary Survey:
    • Scene Assessment: Ensure the safety of yourself, the victim, and bystanders. Identify potential hazards and make the area safe.
    • Initial Assessment: Check for responsiveness, and assess the victim’s airway, breathing, and circulation (ABCs).
  2. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR):
    • CPR is a life-saving technique used in emergencies when someone’s breathing or heartbeat has stopped. It involves chest compressions and rescue breaths.
  3. Bleeding and Wound Care:
    • Apply direct pressure to control bleeding.
    • Elevate the injured area if possible.
    • Use bandages or dressings to cover wounds.
    • Apply a tourniquet if necessary (as a last resort).
  4. Fractures and Musculoskeletal Injuries:
    • Immobilize the injured area.
    • Use splints to support fractures.
    • Elevate the injured limb if there is no suspicion of a fracture.
  5. Shock Management:
    • Keep the person warm.
    • Elevate the legs (unless there are suspected spinal injuries).
    • Reassure and comfort the victim.
  6. Burns:
    • Cool the burn with running water for at least 10 minutes.
    • Cover the burn with a clean, non-stick dressing.
    • Do not use ice or very cold water.
  7. Choking:
    • Perform abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver) for a conscious choking victim.
    • For unconscious victims, start CPR.
  8. Allergic Reactions:
    • Administer an epinephrine auto-injector (EpiPen) if available.
    • Call for emergency medical help.
  9. Seizures:
    • Protect the person from injury by moving objects away.
    • Place the person on their side after the seizure to maintain an open airway.
  10. Poisoning:
    • Call a poison control center or emergency services.
    • Provide information about the substance ingested.
  11. Head Injuries:
    • Keep the person still and call for emergency help.
    • Do not remove a helmet if the person is wearing one.
  12. Eye Injuries:
    • Rinse the eye with clean water for at least 15 minutes.
    • Do not rub the eye.

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